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Last feed update: Tuesday May 31st, 2016 07:39:06 PM
PPPL physicist conducts experiments indicating efficiency of fusion start-up technique Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Princeton University has for the first time performed computer simulations indicating the efficiency of a start-up technique for doughnut-shaped fusion machines known as tokamaks. The simulations show that the technique, known as coaxial helicity injection, could also benefit tokamaks that use superconducting magnets.

Algorithm could help detect and reduce power grid faults Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(Binghamton University) The power grid is aging, overburdened and seeing more faults than ever, according to many. Any of those breaks could easily lead to prolonged power outages or even equipment damage. Binghamton University researchers have proved that the Singular Spectrum Analysis algorithm may be the best tool to help authorities remotely detect and locate power grid faults.

Leaving the electrical grid in the Upper Peninsula Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(Michigan Technological University) While Michigan's Upper Peninsula is not the sunniest place in the world, solar energy is viable in the region. With new technologies, some people might be inclined to leave the electrical grid. A team from Michigan Technological University looked into the economic viability of grid defection in the Upper Peninsula.

Mantis shrimp inspires next generation of ultra-strong materials Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(University of California - Riverside) Researchers at the University of California, Riverside and Purdue University are one step closer to developing super strong composite materials, thanks to the mantis shrimp, a small, multicolored marine crustacean that crushes the shells of its prey using a fist-like appendage called a dactyl club. Their latest research, to be published in the journal Advanced Materials, describes for the first time a unique herringbone structure, not previously reported in nature, within ...

UA engineers zero in on early detection of ovarian cancer Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(University of Arizona College of Engineering) University of Arizona researcher Jennifer Barton is leading a two-year, $1 million project funded by the National Cancer Institute to identify imaging biomarkers of ovarian cancer, the most deadly gynecological cancer in the United States. This work may enable the first effective screening system for ovarian cancer.

A urine sample could be used to diagnose a complex and serious pregnancy disorder Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Scientists from MIPT in collaboration with researchers from a number of other institutes have developed a non-invasive method to diagnose preeclampsia -- a complex condition which occurs during pregnancy.

Tiny probe could produce big improvements in batteries and fuel cells Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(American Institute of Physics) The key to needed improvements in the quest for better batteries and fuels cells likely lies in the nanoscale, a realm so tiny that the movement of a few atoms or molecules can shift the landscape. A team of American and Chinese researchers has built a new window into this world to help scientists better understand how batteries really work. They describe their nanoscale probe in the Journal of Applied Physics.

'Super Mario Brothers' is harder than NP-hard Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Completing a game of 'Super Mario Brothers' can be hard -- very, very hard. That's the conclusion of a new paper from researchers at MIT, the University of Ottawa, and Bard College at Simon's Rock. They show that the problem of solving a level in 'Super Mario Brothers' is as hard as the hardest problems in the 'complexity class' PSPACE.

'Weak' materials offer strong possibilities for electronics Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(University of Texas at Dallas) New fundamental research by UT Dallas physicists may accelerate the drive toward more advanced electronics and more powerful computers. The scientists are investigating materials called topological insulators, whose surface electrical properties are essentially the opposite of the properties inside.

Wyss Institute to lead project to uncover underlying causes of tolerance to infection Tuesday May 31st, 2016 04:00:00 AM
(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University will lead a $9.9 million multi-institutional, DARPA-funded effort including Harvard Medical School, the Mayo Clinic, Temple University, Tufts University, and Boston Children's Hospital in order to investigate why some host organisms are tolerant to pathogenic infection, and to uncover which biological mechanisms are responsible for their resilience.

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