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Last feed update: Wednesday May 24th, 2017 05:33:10 AM
Newly-published spinach genome will make more than Popeye stronger Wednesday May 24th, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Boyce Thompson Institute) Today in Nature Communications, researchers from BTI and the Shanghai Normal University report a new draft genome of Spinacia oleracea, better known as spinach. Additionally, the authors have sequenced the transcriptomes (all the RNA) of 120 cultivated and wild spinach plants, which has allowed them to identify which genetic changes have occurred due to domestication.

Water is surprisingly ordered on the nanoscale Wednesday May 24th, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) Researchers from EPFL have shown that the surface of minuscule water drops with a 100 nm size is surprisingly ordered. At room temperature, the surface water molecules of these droplets have much stronger interactions than a normal water surface. The structural difference corresponds to a difference in temperature of -50°C, which may shed new light on a variety of atmospheric, biological and even geological processes.

New theory predicts wetted area of droplets colliding with flat surface Wednesday May 24th, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Kumamoto University) Japanese researchers have succeeded in deriving a theoretical formula that quantitatively predicts the wetting and spreading behavior of droplets that collide with the flat surface of a solid material. In the past, researchers from all over the world have attempted to make quantitative predictions about the extent of wetted areas through experimentation, theory, and numerical analysis, but predictions, particularly during slow collision speeds, have not been realized.

A fresh look inside the protein nano-machines Wednesday May 24th, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Université de Genève) Proteins perform vital functions, they digest food and fight infections. They are in fact nano-machines, each one of them designed to perform a specific task. But how did they evolve to match those needs, how did the genes encode the structure and function of proteins? Researchers from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, the Institute for Basic Science, Korea, and the Rockefeller University, United States, have conducted a study that tackles this yet unanswered question.

More than play: Can video games train sailors and marines? Tuesday May 23rd, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Office of Naval Research) With support from the Office of Naval Research, Dr. Shawn Green, a psychology professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has partnered with a video game company to build a customized game to determine what specific components of first-person-shooter and other action video games contribute to cognitive improvement.

How to prevent 3-D printing hacks? Install secret flaws and share the decoder ring Tuesday May 23rd, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(NYU Tandon School of Engineering) Since the global supply chain for additive manufacturing (AM)-- also called 3-D printing-- requires companies to share CAD files within the organization or with outside parties via email or cloud, intellectual-property thieves and malefactors have many opportunities to filch a manufacturer's design files to produce counterfeit parts. Researchers have discovered ways for manufacturers to turn the tables on thieves by deliberately embedding hidden flaws in CAD files to thwart ...

Blood test offers improved breast cancer detection tool to reduce use of breast biopsy Tuesday May 23rd, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Provista Diagnostics) A Clinical Breast Cancer study demonstrates Videssa Breast can inform better next steps after abnormal mammogram results and potentially reduce biopsies up to 67 percent.

New chemical reaction developed at UCLA could eventually yield new fuels and medications Tuesday May 23rd, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(University of California - Los Angeles) UCLA chemists have developed a new technique to convert carbon-hydrogen bonds into carbon-carbon bonds using catalysts made of silicon and boron, both abundant and inexpensive elements.

NASA sees powerful storms with advancing monsoon in Bay of Bengal Tuesday May 23rd, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Storms associated with the advancing monsoon in the Northern Indian Ocean's Bay of Bengal were analyzed by NASA with the GPM or Global Precipitation Measurement mission core satellite.

Cryobank of biotechnological plant material has been opened in the Moscow State University Tuesday May 23rd, 2017 04:00:00 AM
(Lomonosov Moscow State University) The cryodepository of plant cell cultures and meristems was opened in the M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology. The cryobank is designed for 50 000 samples to be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor at a temperature of -180C.

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